Book Changes

Published on February 24th, 2024 | by


BBT Vs. Hansadutta Court Case Singapore 1992-1996

(response to Akruranath’s article Hansadutta Distorts History) Sometime in 1990, we published a Chinese Gita in Singapore when BBT refused to sell us books. In 1992, BBTI launched a copyright infringement suit against Bhima in Singapore. From the outset, Bhima responded, First show proof that you own the copyrights.

After several years of due legal process and much expenditure, at last came the moment when affidavits of “evidence in chief” were exchanged, and when BBTI learned that Bhima’s defence relied on having received permission to publish from Hansadutta, a BBT trustee appointed for life by Srila Prabhupada, they withdrew the Singapore court case at once, and immediately filed a new complaint in Los Angeles against Hansadutta.

BBTI retained Akruranath, an attorney with a high-power law firm, and Akruranath led BBTI into a legal strategy that could only be described as suicidal. Akruranath based the BBTI case on a claim that Srila Prabhupada’s BBT was never a legally valid trust, and never owned the copyrights to Srila Prabhupada’s books.

Akruranath came up with the ingenious device that Srila Prabhupada never at any time owned the copyrights to his books, that the books were “WORKS FOR HIRE”, meaning that Srila Prabhupada was ISKCON’s hired worker. Paper, pencils and office space were supplied by ISKCON, and whatever was produced by Srila Prabhupada belonged to ISKCON. By this reasoning, Srila Prabhupada had no right to claim copyright to his works and invest them in the BBT, and moreover, the BBT did not exist, and therefore Hansadutta’s claim to be a BBT trustee was meaningless.

ISKCON GBC and BBTI directors accepted Akruranath’s legal counsel and submitted declarations that it was so. But the Judge did not see it that way, and thus BBTI made a hasty retreat to settle the case by awarding a license, and a substantial monetary award.

This lawsuit SHOULD NEVER HAVE HAPPENED in the first place. It could have been avoided had ISKCON and BBTI simply sold some books to the devotees, which is after all the whole purpose Srila Prabhupada intended when forming ISKCON and the BBT: Selling books–HIS books, Srila Prabhupada’s books.

Where this law suit did not succeed, it did succeed on the other hand to uncover and highlight illegal practices that ISKCON and BBTI had been doing for so many years, namely converting the assets (Srila Prabhupada’s copyrighted works) of a legally registered and funded trust, the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, into a for-profit buisness corporation (BBTI), editing the works without legal authority, and distributing them as originals–all of which were illegal activities. Because of this and other illegal practices that came to light in connection with the misuse of the BBT and its copyrighted properties, along with legal documents filed in the course of litigating this case, I feel it is next to impossible for BBTI to prevail in any attempt to enforce copyright protection on anyone, anywhere, anytime.

Really, they have shot themselves in the foot. As this response is being written, there are numerous entities engaged in publishing Srila Prabhupada’s books and audio material. Why does the BBTI not file a copyright infringement case against them and stop them as they attempted to do with me? In Singapore we printed a small run of Chinese Bhagavad-gitas.

Today there are individuals openly printing and advertising on the internet, “Macmillan” Bhagavad-gitas, CD’s, and art works. Why does the BBTI not chase after them and prosecute them for copyright infringement? BBT’s business should be selling books, not changing books.

At any rate, Akruranath has not set the record straight, but fudged the record more than it was before. By the way, Akruranath was dismissed from the case when ISKCON finally woke up to the fiasco into which he led them, at which point Amarendra das had to pick up the pieces and make a settlement.

Contrary to Akruranath’s assertion that “This case was not about book changes”, those involved know that one of the most stubbornly contended points for reaching a settlement agreement was complete freedom to publish all of Srila Prabhupada’s pre-1977 editions of his books, art work and music. The other directors finally overruled Jayadvaita Swami’s vehement opposition, and this controversial point became the cornerstone of what we are seeing today in the way of a renaissance in the publication of Srila Prabhupada’s original books.

What seems clear, after all is said and done, is that if BBT does not publish Srila Prabhupada’s original Books, someone out there will, and there is nothing to stop them.

What follows are Jayadvaita’s own words of apology for the lawsuit in different postings after the settlement. They were much appreciated then, and I think the readers will appreciate them today, and understand the situation more clearly. At the time of settlement, there was a very amiable and spiritually surcharged atmosphere amongst the previously warring parties. I think Jayadvaita’s own words make that clear. It was nothing like Akruranath’s version.

“From its very inception, this unfortunate case against Hansadutta was an anomaly and a travesty. Were not such court battles which pitted one devotee against another utterly an anathema to Srila Prabhupada? And especially when it would come at the cost of precious BBT funds? Can anyone doubt for a moment that Prabhupada would be extremely displeased by this manner of infighting?”

To Bhima he wrote:

“We feel that we owe apologies not only to you but also to Srila Prabhupada himself, and to his society of devotees. What ought to have been settled carefully and smartly when it was still a small dispute we allowed to turn instead into a long, acrimonious, and expensive battle, disturbing to all.

We should have done whatever required to avoid this. The fault was ours.”

An afterthought: What I cannot understand to this day is why BBTI still insists on publishing the unnecessarily edited writings of Srila Prabhupada. Why Jayadvaita doesn’t get the point? Why ISKCON/BBTI, after so much money (at least a million dollars, give or take ), time and grief, they still only begrudgingly squeeze out some original unedited publications? What’s wrong with Srila Prabhupada’s books as they are? I really do not understand the logic behind this policy of tampering with the writings of Srila Prabhupada. Please enlighten me. I still haven’t got the point. — Hansadutta das- (END)

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8 Responses to BBT Vs. Hansadutta Court Case Singapore 1992-1996

  1. Tukaram das says:

    When I first heard of the book changes, I assumed it would be small things like commas, or a stray mistranslated word. Oh… I was wrong. I was looking at the comparison between Gita versions and was shocked. There are some small typographical changes, and some uselessly changed words – it looks like the editor wants to impress us with his vocabulary. Some are not too major, but muddy the message. Prabhupada’s wording was perfectly clear.

    But many of the apparently small changes are insidious. Many changes put the organization over guru or shastra. It has become ISKCON consciousness, not Krishna consciousness. I am glad all my books are the original printings, but I worry for the future of the misguided new converts. They will think they are quoting Srila Prabhupada, but will be quoting nonsense editing.

  2. Kripanidhi says:

    Please send me a link to any paper demonstrating and elaborating on all the unnecessary editing done by the BBTI.

    I’m currently living in Saranagati and have been distributing Srila Prabhupada’s books since Feb 1972. I’m a good friend of Madhuha’s

  3. John says:

    Copyright on the words of Krishna? What a joke. Anyone should be able to print, copy and distribute the teachings.

  4. tony says:

    Pamho Agtsp..

    Prabhu, is the 30 set compact Srimad Bhagavatam printed in Singapore which lists the dates 1972, 1976, 1982 on the copyright page also unedited versions of the Bhagavatam?

    Hare Krsna

    • Hare Krishna Tony

      Yes. This is Prabhupada’s original pre-1977 Bhagavatam.

      There is a first printing and after the first printing there are some corrections made to the books but this editing was done under Srila Prabhupada’s direct supervision and he accepted the books and gave his classes from the books and read the books himself personally daily. So it is totally bonafide. Perfectly good.

      I do not know for sure if they are all actually the first printing but that does not matter. It is totally bonafide.

      Chant Hare Krishna and be happy!

      Madhudvisa dasa

  5. Janardan Das says:

    Thank you for the the elucidating article Hansdutta Prabhu! (A true hero of the BBT).

    In Equity Law it is a principle that ‘one should not come to the court with dirty hands’, so yes, your sentiment that they had clearly breached their fiduciary duties as trustees of the BBT is well made, (in fact I believe you have standing to sue them for this if you wish), that therefore their complaints against others for trust violations can largely be regarded as moot, although I would not bank on it, as the purpose as well as the trust still exists.

    To this end, I would advise devotees generally to seek permission from the licensee, Krishna Books International (KBI), if they wish to print any books, lectures or pre-1978 artwork, (in order to ensure that they are not liable for copyright infringement by the BBT). As KBI are licensed due to Hansadutta Prabhu’s valiant efforts, they may grant BBT permission vicariously.

    Your servant,

    Janardan Das.

    • Hare Krishna Janadaran Prabhu

      It is a big story with many more facts. Hansadutta Prabhus case was based on the defense that “Prove you own the copyrights.” BBTI had come after him for printing a Chinese Bhagavad-gita As It is.

      So BBTI were not able to prove they owned the copyrights which were clearly invested by Srila Prabhupada in a completely different organization, the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. And there was no bona fide transfer of the copyrights from BBT to BBTI.

      So the judge advised BBTI to settle out of court as they had no chance of succeeding in this matter.

      So the out of court settlement resulted in the KBI license which has a lot of fine print and if you are interested I could send you a copy. But there are a lot of ways in that license that BBT could cancel the license with KBI. So it is good at the moment but not a permanent solution necessarily.

      In consideration for giving this license and $600,000 in settlement Hansadutta Prabhu agreed to hold a meeting of the original BBT [which most probably had lapsed at that time, most probably no longer existed] where he resigned as a trustee and appointed three new trustees. JAS, Svavasa [LA temple president] and someone else as the new BBT trustees.

      So now BBTI say they have control over the BBT and are the trustees of that and that the copyrights of Prabhupada’s books are with this old BBT they now have control over but the books are still being printed by BBTI. But this is all resting on the very flimsy basis that Hansadutta Prabhu was still an active trustee of the BBT and actually had the authority to appoint these three new trustees of the BBT. Which is very, very doubtful. The BBT trust was dissolved by the GBC and replaced by BBTI very soon after Srila Prabhupada disappeared from our material vision as they did not like the idea that Prabhupada’s BBT was more-or-less independent of the GBC. So they dissolved it. And Hansadutta Prabhu never acted as a BBT trustee since then. And BBT never acted after it was dissolved.

      So in dissolving the BBT the GBC dissolved the trust which held the copyrights of Srila Prabhupada’s books and this is still the current situation. Prabhupada’s original BBT does not exist and BBTI are just pretending they are the copyright holders of Prabhupada’s books and hope that no one will again call their bluff like Hansadutta Prabhu did and ask “Prove that you are the copyright holders…”

      So KBI is good while it lasts but if it does not last the BBTI have no clear claim to the copyrights of Srila Prabhupada’s books.

      Anyhow soon they will be officially in the public domain, they are probably already in the public domain anyhow.

      Chant Hare Krishna and be happy!

      Madhudvisa dasa

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